Piles & Fissures
Piles are swollen blood vessels in and around the rectum which can be painful or irritating. Piles are also termed as hemorrhoids. The hemorrhoidal veins located in the lower rectum and anus become swollen and cause irritation and pain while passing stools.
Depending on the area in which they occur hemorrhoids are classified into “External Hemorrhoids and Internal Hemorrhoids”. Internal hemorrhoids are formed inside the rectum. Internal hemorrhoids can’t be seen or felt. External hemorrhoids are formed below the skin of the anus and can be felt.
What Causes Piles or Hemorrhoids?
Piles or hemorrhoids can develop in any one at any age. However, they are more commonly seen in the elderly people (40-70) and during pregnancies. Extreme abdominal pressure can make the veins to swell and irritate. Some of the common causes include:
- Chronic Constipation
- Lifting Heavy Weights
- Straining when Passing the stool
Most of the people tend to develop hemorrhoids with age.
How are Piles or Hemorrhoids Diagnosed?
Piles are generally diagnosed by performing a physical exam. In case if the gastroenterologist suspects the presence of internal hemorrhoids, a proctoscope exam will be performed to examine the insides of the anus. A biopsy may also be performed if necessary.
What is the Treatment for Piles or Hemorrhoids?
In most of the cases, piles are mild and go away on their own with simple changes in life style or medications. In case of severe piles, a surgery may be needed. Given below are the treatment options for piles:
- Hemorrhoid Banding: An elastic band is placed around the piles to deprive them of blood supply. The piles will eventually die and fall off over time.
- Injection Sclerotherapy: The piles are injected with a solution which makes them to shrink.
- Coagulation or Cauterization: An electric or laser probe is used to burn the ends of hemorrhoid tissue. The hemorrhoids shrink. This is used in case of prolapsed hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoidectomy: In case of large internal hemorrhoids, Hemorrhoidectomy is performed to remove hemorrhoid or piles tissue. This is the most effective treatment for removing piles.
Life style modifications and diet modifications are necessary to prevent the piles from recurring. Contact us for to get the best treatment for piles in Hyderabad, India.